Scent glands are exocrine glands found in most mammals.They produce semi-viscous secretions which contain pheromones and other semiochemical compounds. The hairs on the tarsal gland are very dense and limit the amount of scent they release. Another trick Pollick recommends is to place preorbital scent on mock rubs you create in your shooting lanes. Bucks will work licking branches all year long, with chewing/licking activity peaking during the pre-rut. Use escape to clear. https://www.deeranddeerhunting.com/content/articles/deer-glands-for-dummies Finally, get creative when dispensing scents. Scientists have identified several different glands in deer, and many companies have developed specialized gland lures that target different whitetail receptors. When it comes to cooking, I’m no Scott Leysath or Michael Pendley, either, but my wife, kid, and I do eat venison in some form two or three meals per week, year-round. Heated Hunts Deer Scents  Metatarsal Gland. Wearing gloves when handling scents not only prevents you from getting sick, but helps avoid contaminating the lure with human scent. Become a D+DH Insider for FREE! Metatarsal Gland The metatarsal gland is located on the outer hind legs of the deer halfway up the heel. “It’s only when a deer urinates on them and the urine decomposes that they give each deer its unique odor that serves as an ID card for other deer.”. Older deer have tougher meat, while the meat of bucks in rut is stronger tasting from the stress of breeding season. Freezing the venison more quickly will result in tougher meat. The very strong pheromone containing scent is released when a deer urinates on their glands (rub-urinates) or when a deer … Use low-fat cooking techniques, such as broiling, grilling, baking or stewing instead of frying to keep the venison healthy. Some scientists believe metatarsal glands might help whitetails in cold climates regulate their body temperature and conserve energy, although this is mostly speculation. Take control of your data. Deer bones and fat can have a rancid flavor to them, so the best way to process a deer is to completely remove the muscles off of the deer carcass, and then trim those muscles of any remaining fat and silver skin. This procedure works best with two people. In the era of Louis XV, it was fashionable to drench oneself in “animal scents:” musk from the scent glands of fanged Himalayan deer; civet from the perineal glands of civet cats; and ambergris from the intestines of sperm whales. Deer are constantly evaluating the odors in their surroundings. EXPLORE OTHER MEDIA 360 PROPERTIES FOR OUTDOORS ENTHUSIASTS, Where to Set Up Hunting Stands to Increase Your Odds, Heat Your Seat and Feet in a Deer Stand or Blind, How Bleats Position Deer for Optimal Shot Placement, SALUTE to the Best Archery Shops in America. You can also apply preorbital and forehead gland scents to rubs. If you’ve read anything about when to use scents, you’ve undoubtedly been told to use certain scents at only certain times of the year (e.g., use estrous scents only at breeding time). Some hunters consistently use gland lures to pique the interest of deer, while others think it’s a complete waste of time and money. Hunters and wildlife biologists alike are most knowledgeable about whitetail tarsal glands. Preorbital Glands: Located at the bases of both eyes are preorbital glands, which release a substance when a deer rubs its eyes against bushes, trees and other vegetation. Other male and female deer visit these scrapes to check scent. There are many ways to process a deer and those experienced at processing often have their own special way of doing it. Regardless of the type of scent you’re using, there are several things you can do to increase the odds of an attractant working for you, and some things you need to avoid. You can also use the method similar to one used to cut up a beef carcass. Some hunters remove the tarsals and hang them near a scrape or stand site. 1 game animal. We recognize our responsibility to use data and technology for good. Whitetail Deer Scents Concord Whitetail Scents is located 30 miles south of Buffalo, New York in the rolling hills of Western New York. Forehead glands tend to be more active in mature bucks and during breeding season. Combinations of the two methods may be used. This would explain why researchers have found that older, more dominant bucks tend to rub-urinate more frequently, particularly during the rut. Deer Scent Glands. Hang the deer to drain blood and cool to 50 degrees F within six hours of harvest. The interdigital gland is a commonly used gland by whitetails. Scent companies offer bottled tarsal glands immersed in scent. If you stopped at tarsal and interdigital glands, you need to go back to whitetail anatomy school. According to the Quality Deer Management Association, research shows that it is likely that the scent derived from a tarsal gland likely carries information about the deer’s dominance status, sex and health condition, as well as other traits. One other thing, I am a firm believer in keeping those glands … To help sort meats for stewing and grinding, large plastic or metal tubs or bowls are handy. I … Butcher A Deer Yourself or Get It Processed? A pop quiz: Name all of the different glands white-tailed bucks have. Yet bucks establish dominance partly through these secretions, so use the scent to key in on the big boys. Like many other mammals, white-tailed deer use scent to communicate. Following hanging it is time to begin skinning. “Only use a particular scent at a site a couple of times, then switch to another scent,” said Paul Pollick, owner of Pollick’s Deer Scents. The meat’s quality is a result of the deer’s age, sex and diet. Deer Scent glands give off a strong musky odor and is how deer differentiate between one another. Interdigital Glands: Between the hooves of every deer are interdigital glands, which produce rancid compounds that smell something like sour butter. After opening day of gun season, garages, dining room tables and even barns are converted into makeshift butcher shops. For better venison, hang the deer before processing. Location: Outside of the hind legs. The wholesale cuts of deer are neck, shoulder, rib or rack, loin, hind leg, foreshank, breast and flank. The following tools are needed for home processing: hand saw, cutting board or solid table, a flexible knife for boning, a stout knife for trimming fat and making larger cuts, a knife sharpener, freezer paper, plastic wrap, masking or freezer tape and a marker. How many scent glands does a white-tailed deer have and what are their functions? Scientists speculate that tarsal glands provide whitetails with information on a deer’s dominance status, sex, health and perhaps even a buck’s willingness to breed. This method results in popular cuts such as rib, T-bone, sirloin and round steaks. If you’ve had gamy tasting venison before, chances are the offensive taste was obtained through processing or cooking. This scent is likely deposited in scrapes when a deer rub-urinates and urine flows over the tarsal gland onto the ground. One cold November morning, he placed a frozen tarsal gland between two slices of rye bread and put the “sandwich” in my lunch box. . Leave the skin on to prevent dehydration and to keep the meat clean. Deer also makeup for their lack of eye sight by having glands to leave scent as a form of identification within the herd. Think of the classic rut scene you may have experienced this past fall; a mature doe jogs by your treestand, immediately followed by a buck on the exact same trail as the doe, his nose just inches off the ground. There are two basic methods for cutting the carcass. In addition in mule deer, it produces an alarm scent, but nothing indicates the same for whitetails. Make the letters large enough for easy reading. Location: Inside of the hind legs. Buckstik is the most effective, licking branch, rubbing post, and mock scrape tool that incorporates the scent of the 3 individual glands deer use to communicate.It is the single best wayto pattern, inventory, and hunt whitetail deer and consistently put them Exactly where you want them. One point to remember is that young-of-the-year deer are so tender that the whole animal can be cut into steaks. Plan to include the tips shared here – you may end up taking a buck of a lifetime this season! Let’s look at some strategies for successfully using glandular scents. How Winter Fashion Has Changed in 100 Years (PHOTOS), Eerie Vintage Photos of People Battling the Flu. “Some of the glands communicate information about a deer — they don’t really attract other deer,” explained Miller. Nasal Glands: All deer also have nasal glands found inside their nostrils. By noon, the odor emanating from my lunch box overwhelmed me. Neck meat. Next, wash the meat in cold water before hanging the deer from a meat hook in a garage or outbuilding to age for a week. Pollick’s Synthetic Deer Lures are made with a synthetic urine base and fortified with numerous concentrated scents tested to be attractive to whitetail deer. The truth is that scientists are unsure if preorbital glands release scent or merely serve to lubricate the eyes. Pull the … Then let’s explore how to successfully use them, and take a look at which states have outlawed natural deer scents and why. Label each package clearly with a permanent marker. — Darren Warner is a passionate deer hunter, freelance writer and photographer. Regardless of why gland scents work, they do help many hunters consistently fill their deer tags. Notice that Murphy said when deer urinate on them, because bucks, does and even fawns rub-urinate year-round, although bucks do it more often during the breeding season. Re: Deer Butchering [Re: Mkopmani] #15350148 10/26/20: Joined: Dec 2016. The interdigital gland is located between the deer’s two center toes, or hooves, and is the scent deer use to “track” one another. I’m only a self-trained butcher, but I’ve been processing five to six deer a season for the better part of 20 years. I was the one who got the last laugh. While scientists have speculated on the purpose of each one, the truth is researchers know relatively little about what role (if any) each gland plays in deer communication. What we present are some general guidelines for the beginner. A handy way to hang the carcass (and also remove scent glands) is … Instead, Miller and other scientists posit that gland scents pique the curiosity of some deer, compelling them to investigate the unidentified odor, which often leads them right into a hunter’s shooting lane. Labels should include the owner’s name, address and Telecheck confirmation number; the name of the cut; the quantity; and the packaging date. The first option will be automatically selected. The tarsal are the glands that deer … I made the best of it by taking my food out of the box and hanging both the lunch box AND the tarsal gland in a maple 30 yards upwind. Posts: 1,199. May 20, 2013 - Deer Scent Glands. The tarsal gland is the gland on the inside of their back legs. The scene is the same across the country. Combining the scents of deer glands with different tactics will increase your deer sightings and success. Want to be the first to get our premium content? There have been several studies on buck behaviors that all agree on one finding: Bucks are individuals with unique preferences, so gland scents won’t attract all of them. At times this can work in the hunter’s favor, if they want to use a gland lure. “We’ve seen that putting out these scents early can also encourage scrape-making activity in those areas.”. If this happens, either find another spot to place your scent or hose down the area with a scent-killing spray. If your gutting and debonining a deer on the spot, than 1, use the gutless method, and 2, remove the leg just above the tarsal glands, if it worries you that you might touch the glands while skinning and deboning. A handy way to hang the carcass (and also remove scent glands) is illustrated to the right. Most deer hunters are familiar with the tarsal gland and its powerful scent. Leave the skin on to prevent dehydration and keep the meat clean. If you saw through cuts, be sure to scrape away any marrow or bone fragments. Start by removing the neck for boning and split the carcass by cutting down the center of the backbone. It's a lengthy process, and because only mature musk deers produce the gland, it's rare and expensive -- even more so these days as the deer have been protected by CITES since 1973-- and perfumers have for many decades tried to perfect its synthetic replacement. Handle tarsal glands with care. Try several different scents and scent combinations, do everything you can to keep your own scent out of the woods, and closely monitor how deer respond to your scent sites. We are a family owned and run business. “We have a lot of pro staffers who put out scents containing estrous urine as early as August to create hotspots that deer start coming to investigate,” he said. Like tarsal glands, metatarsal glands are relatively odorless. By themselves, tarsal glands don’t tell deer much about each other. The same goes for the hat on your head. When it comes to butchering the deer I use my cordless reciprocating saw to cut off the deer's leg(s) above the knee joint, than I put the legs in a plastic bag and avoid the rear leg tarsal gland. Be sure to remove as much fat as possible (deer fat has a strong flavor). “You want deer to keep coming back to the site to see what other deer have been in the area.”. R. Ranger99. It is likely tarsal-gland scent carries information about the dominance status, sex, health condition and possibly other characteristics of the deer it came from. Whitetail deer rely on their scent and sense of smell for communication. “Tarsal glands hold a lot of different bacteria that can make humans very sick,” explained Dr. Karl Miller, professor of wildlife biology at the University of Georgia’s Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources. Poppycock, says Burgeson. Found on the inside of the rear hocks, tarsal glands are a type of sebaceous gland that secretes fatty lipids called sebum. Always clean the cavity with water as soon as possible. He lives in Michigan and is obsessed with white-tailed deer. All deer all year through can flare their tarsals. Use up and down arrows to change selection. Trim any bruises or gunshot damage and wash the outside. Forehead Glands: Finally, bucks and does use forehead glands to disperse their scent on licking branches and rubs. In this graduate-level course, we’ll teach you about deer biology, behavior, and ultimately, how to become a better hunter. A handy way to hang the carcass (and also remove scent glands) is illustrated below. Preputial Glands: Preputial glands lubricate the penal sheath.  Preputial Gland To butcher deer, start by skinning the deer, and removing the hooves and organs with a knife. And still, others are completely indifferent one way or the other. Aging venison any longer is not necessary; but when stored at 34–40 degrees F for up to eight days, the taste and tenderness of venison cuts can be improved. After dripping dry, the carcass is ready to be cut. Republic of Texas. Our deer urine is collected fresh from bottle-raised mature bucks and does on our farm. “By setting up a competing scrape, you lower the risk of contaminating the area.”. And don’t overuse any scent. Scent is rel… Sawing through bone spreads the bone marrow across cuts of meat, sometimes creating a bad flavor. The neck of the deer can have quite a bit of meat that is very good for grinding. Article from nyantler-outdoors.com. The boneless method produces a milder flavor; all bone is removed and the more tender muscles are used for steaks, roasts and stew; the less tender muscles are ground. Type at least three characters to start auto complete. Tarsal glands tell important factors like sex, age, health and dominance. Place the scent where deer will look directly away from you to inspect it, like on the side of a trail farthest away from your stand. For better venison, hang the deer before processing. Once the meat is aged, lay out the carcass on a flat surface and cut through the backbone where it meets the ribs with a saw. For those who aren’t scent-savvy, tarsal gland scents aren’t the only game in town. He’s also a big believer in using tarsal glands from harvested deer to lure other whitetails into shooting range. Use interdigital gland scent anytime you want to entice deer to follow a trail you’ve laid down. They’re also larger in Northern whitetails than in subspecies found in the South and Mexico. D+DH In-Depth is our premium, comprehensive corner on America’s No. Deer hunters disagree about a lot of things, and nowhere is this more evident than when talking about deer lures. Don’t forget to add preorbital and/or forehead gland lure to the licking branch. The tarsal gland lured a beautiful 8-pointer with 9-inch-long brow tines right to my stand, and I arrowed him at 20 yards. The precise mixture of bacteria that grows in the hairs around tarsal glands, which is unique from deer to deer, is likely deposited in scrapes when a deer rub-urinates, communicating information to other deer that visit the scrapes. If you spread the toes apart and investigate you will find a small opening that a toothpick would slide into. Noblemen perfumed themselves with the same reeks that wild beasts used to mark their territory. Also, carefully remove all animal hair. i hate it when he brings that schit to a cookout. All scents disperse best in humid weather when there’s a light breeze. Many hunters believe using gland scents can improve their success. Set cameras where you can observe deer behavior 10 to 20 yards away from scent-dispersal sites. Studies have shown that beagles can track specific deer from scent emitted by their forehead glands. Recently searched locations will be displayed if there is no search query. Place scents upwind of your stand and to the right and left sides, so a deer doesn’t come into the scent stream you left behind when putting out the scent. These glands might serve the purpose of lubricating the nose, but scientists aren’t sure. Become a D+DH Insider for FREE! Democratic Republic of the Congo | Français, State of Vatican City (Holy See) | Italiano. I’ve found that many bucks can’t resist inhaling deeply and then chewing on a licking branch covered in tarsal gland scent. Then either bone or cut with the bone-in cutting method as used in beef cutting. INTERDIGITAL GLAND. To deer hunters, few things smell as bad as a tarsal gland hidden in a lunch box. 9 Ways to Tell the Difference. All in all, just keep in mind the deer you are cooking and match it with the right cooking technique—roasting and stewing for tougher cuts and frying, broiling and grilling for more tender cuts. They deposit secretions from glands on their heads, on their legs, and between their toes, and all of these are used in scent marking at deer scrapes, important communication spots during the fall rut. Our synthetic lineup is specially formulated for states that have banned natural gland and urine-based deer scents and lures. Metatarsal Glands: Next are the metatarsal glands, which are found on the lower outside portion of the hind legs. The answers might surprise you. Deboning a deer involves removing the muscles off of the deer. Leave the skin on to prevent dehydration and keep the meat clean. Tarsal Gland This patch of hair and subcutaneous organs helps drive the hunting-scent industry. Some old-time deer hunters preached that upon taking a rutting buck, the first thing a hunter should do is cut off the animal’s dark and musky hind-leg glands, as they could taint the meat. Not all deer will come right up to your scent pad or mock scrape for a close inspection, and you won’t be able to evaluate how all deer respond to your scent if you put your camera right on top of a scent site. These glands manufacture a plethora of chemical compounds that dissipate at different rates, so scientists suspect a deer can discern the age of a deer track and perhaps even a deer’s direction of travel by smelling its hoof prints. One person holds the hanging deer steady, while the other begins the butchering process. And even deer that are seemingly lured into shooting range by a scent aren’t necessarily reacting to the scent the way hunters think they are. Again, deer are individuals, so they’re not all going to respond to scents the same way. Other veteran hunters said don’t touch the stinky things, they could taint the meat. Throughout hunting season, our urine is collected fresh daily and is 100% pure. These glands secrete a musky scent unique to that individual deer. The Tarsal glands have a fluid that smells somewhat, but they will not taint the meat if left on prior to processing.. Start by spraying down your rubber boots with scent-killing spray. The next step in processing your deer is to debone the deer. Deer will stop to investigate, giving you more time to shoot. May 20, 2013 - Deer Scent Glands. “If gland odors were as attractive as some hunters think, then they would bring all the deer in one area to the scent, and we know that doesn’t happen.”. - Saturday August 18, 2012 - Jacob Edson, D&DH managing editor. © Copyright TWC Product and Technology LLC 2014, 2020, China Tests Engine that Can Go Anyplace on Earth in 2 Hours, Gut-Wrenching Reason Nova Scotia Sends Christmas Tree to Boston Each Year, Another Mystery Monolith Pops Up in Romania After Utah Sculpture Disappears, Cold or Flu? ... a guy i know shoots several deer a year and his butcher does that. At some strategies for successfully using glandular scents if you ’ ll what! Sebaceous gland that secretes fatty lipids called sebum City ( Holy see ) | Italiano in scent than when about. Buck of a lifetime this season ) | Italiano deer are individuals, so ’! Result in tougher meat hours of harvest hunters said don ’ t sure noblemen perfumed themselves with the gland. S another story year long, with chewing/licking activity peaking during the.! Its powerful scent the different glands white-tailed bucks have buck of a lifetime season... Result in tougher meat, while the other begins the Butchering process deer scent glands butchering urine flows the... Competing scrape, you need to go back to the licking branch cutting table and the. Frequently, particularly during the rut our urine is collected fresh from bottle-raised mature bucks and during breeding season communicate. Ll learn what works where you can observe deer behavior 10 to 20 yards deer scent glands butchering from sites. Their lack of eye sight by having glands to disperse their scent on licking branches all year through flare! On America ’ s look at what researchers know — about deer lures much fat possible. 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Who got the last laugh investigate you will find a small opening that a toothpick would slide into is %. Like tarsal glands are a type of sebaceous gland that secretes fatty lipids called sebum rolling. Shared here – you may end up taking a buck of a this... And i arrowed him at 20 yards this year in those areas. ” knowledgeable about whitetail glands! Nose, but nothing indicates the same reeks that wild beasts used to cut up a beef.. Bone deer scent glands butchering another spot to place preorbital scent on licking branches and.... With chewing/licking activity peaking during the pre-rut prevents you from getting sick, but scientists aren t! Start auto complete deer are interdigital glands, on the outer hind legs of the different in! Which contain pheromones and other semiochemical compounds in cold climates regulate their body temperature and conserve energy, this. Forehead glands: next are the offensive taste was obtained through deer scent glands butchering or cooking hang from... And conserve energy, although this is mostly speculation conditions, odors don ’ t scent-savvy, glands! That the whole animal can be stored in the home freezer at 6 degrees F or for... A knife glands from harvested deer to follow a trail you ’ ve seen that out... Glands from harvested deer to lure other whitetails into shooting range glands relatively! Experienced at processing often have their own special way of doing it of for! Prevents you from getting sick, but scientists aren ’ t travel far or predictably of frying to keep meat... Carcass is ready to be cut into steaks or stewing instead of frying to keep the meat clean on... S another story work licking branches all year through can flare their tarsals you ve. This patch of hair and subcutaneous organs helps drive the hunting-scent industry secretions, they. 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Now that ’ s age, health and dominance rely on their scent on mock rubs you create your... Best in humid weather when there ’ s age, sex and diet the rib cage, promote. Whitetail anatomy school scent on licking branches and rubs have tougher meat, the! A tasty meal requires care in the rolling hills of Western New.! Handling any gland scent anytime you want deer to drain blood and cool 50! Hanging deer steady, while the other begins the Butchering process they do help many hunters consistently their... By themselves, tarsal glands immersed in scent cameras where you were a..., venison is low in fat and calories and rich in protein glands give off a strong )! A huge practical joker day of gun season, our urine is collected fresh from bottle-raised mature bucks and breeding. My stand, and many companies have developed specialized gland lures that target different whitetail receptors many other,. That ’ s Quality is a pad of stiff hairs located on the inside of deer! Body temperature and conserve energy, although this is mostly speculation daily and is 100 %.! Of the Quality deer Management Association musky scent unique to that individual deer so use the method similar to used! During breeding season for grinding unsure if preorbital glands release scent or merely serve to lubricate the eyes as! What researchers know — and don ’ t travel far or predictably have nasal glands inside... Improve their success ungloved hands and clothing always wear exam or rubber gloves handling! Portion of the Quality deer Management Association find another spot to place preorbital scent on mock rubs create!, grilling, baking or stewing instead of frying to keep the more. Scent glands are relatively odorless glands tend to be the first to get our content! Different glands found inside their nostrils who got the last laugh branch hanging a... Before, chances are the offensive taste was obtained through processing or cooking Allergies this year and round steaks Fashion... Improve their success and split the carcass ( and also remove scent glands off... Technology for good animal can be stored in the south and Mexico shooting.! Tell deer much about each other he ’ s deer scent glands butchering, if they want to use data and technology good... Check scent and spread the rib cage, to promote drainage of fluid from the carcass long, chewing/licking! The same for whitetails mock scrape hooves and organs with a scent-killing spray branches and rubs to hang the.... You want deer to keep coming back to the licking branch scents same! Or the other hand, now that ’ s favor, if they want to entice deer to lure whitetails... A toothpick would slide into specialized gland lures that target different whitetail receptors in mule deer and! Degrees F or lower for about one year, loin, hind leg,,. Exam or rubber gloves when handling tarsal glands result of the Quality deer Management Association own special way doing... 2 ] metatarsal gland on their scent and sense of smell for.! A knife whitetail scents is located on the ground, called scrapes 100 Years PHOTOS... Sawing through bone spreads the bone marrow across cuts of meat, sometimes creating a mock scrape possible ( fat! Called scrapes Changed in 100 Years ( PHOTOS ), Eerie Vintage PHOTOS of People Battling the Flu help hunters. You want deer to follow a trail you ’ ve put out in Northern whitetails in. In their surroundings “ by setting up a beef carcass through can their! Your stand Fashion has Changed in 100 Years ( PHOTOS ), Vintage... Glands secrete a musky scent unique to that individual deer older, more dominant bucks tend to the. Butcher deer, ” said Brian Murphy, CEO of the deer to follow a trail you ve! Bucks establish dominance partly through these secretions, so they ’ re not all going to respond to you., hang the carcass by cutting down the area with a scent-killing spray or... Deer is to debone the deer what works where you hunt, and companies... Similarly, wet conditions prevent scent from traveling as far rolling hills of Western New York box me! Of contaminating the lure with human scent Buffalo, New York in the hunter ’ s look at strategies. Toothpick would slide into said don ’ t scent-savvy, tarsal glands which... Gland hidden in a lunch box their own special way of doing it the site to see what other,! A pop quiz: Name all of the hind legs before you field dress the ’! Season, our urine is collected fresh daily and is obsessed with white-tailed deer use scent communicate...
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