Turgot tried to minimise the expenditure of the royal court. Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events. The French Monarchs had unlimited power and they declared themselves as the “Representative of God”. The best known philosophes were Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Denis Diderot.Other lesser-known figures … See, Henri Eugene, 1927. Describe the conditions of women during the period of French Revolution. describe the political conditions of Europe in mid 18th century - Social Science - The Rise of Nationalism in Europe They had to pay a variety of taxes to the royal treasury to maintain the expenditure of the state and to support the lavish lifestyle of the aristocracy. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. The instability of the eighteenth century had, however, created more anxiety among the parents and it accelerated child marriage at a faster rate. In this situation, the king at last summoned the States General. One of the most important privileges of 18th century society was land ownership. The clergy were associated with the French Catholic church, which maintained a diverse range of powers. Describe the condition of women in 18th century France. 412 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 415 /H [ 1099 1270 ] /L 419701 /E 93927 /N 112 /T 411342 >> endobj xref 412 23 0000000016 00000 n He adapted the policy of borrowing in order to meet the expenditure of the royal court. 7. Royalists, Republicans and Bonapartists remained in conflict with one another throughout the century, leading to several abrupt shifts between monarchical, imperial and republican forms of government before 1900. the higher clergy and the lower clergy. Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes! 0000000945 00000 n 18th century of France, the third estate made up of the lower class of France had been oppressed and overtaxed, and received very little representation at the Estates General. 0000000829 00000 n Log in. 0000002746 00000 n The Clergy was sub­divided into two groups i.e. Describe any five social and political factors that led to the outbreak of the revolutionary protest in France. Revolution and the growth of industrial society, 1789–1914. World War I began in 1914. Women in the Society 2. Louis XIV was the exponent of this view. In the 19th century especially during the period between 1865 and 1900, many people envisioned the United States as a country with unlimited individual economic opportunities and a place where social equality and political democracy reigned supreme. Describe the political and economic condition of france during the 18th century? they were organised by the system of estates ie. Describe the social conditions prevalent during the 17th century France - 16570512 1. Although economic elements of marriage were still very much a factor, many other elements came into play. 0000047608 00000 n describe the political conditions of Europe in mid 18th century - Social Science - The Rise of Nationalism in Europe 0000009327 00000 n France became bankrupt due to over expenditure in wars and luxury. But he was dismissed by the king. Louis XV fought the Seven Years War against England which brought nothing for France. I. After Louis XV, Louis XVI (1774-1793) ascended the throne of France. The Aristocracy possessed a wide variety of inherited legal privileges, established by the government. During that period, the economic condition of France became weak. This war led to an increasing debt on the French monarchy. 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