The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined personally by the judge after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized. Subject to provisions of law and as the Congress may deem appropriate, the Government shall take steps to initiate and sustain the use of Filipino as a medium of official communication and as language of instruction in the educational system. The incumbent Members of the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit shall continue in office for one year after the ratification of this Constitution, unless they are sooner removed for cause or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office or appointed to a new term thereunder. (1) All members of the armed forces shall take an oath or affirmation to uphold and defend this Constitution. In times of national emergency, when the public interest so requires, the State may, during the emergency and under reasonable terms prescribed by it, temporarily take over or direct the operation of any privately owned public utility or business affected with public interest. SECTION 3. (1) The Congress, by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses in joint session assembled, voting separately, shall have the sole power to declare the existence of a state of war. The President and the Vice-President shall be elected by direct vote of the people for a term of six years which shall begin at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following the day of the election and shall end at noon of the same date six years thereafter. No Senator or Member of the House of Representatives may hold any other office or employment in the Government, or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including government-owned or controlled corporations or their subsidiaries, during his term without forfeiting his seat. The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired except upon lawful order of the court. They shall also be subject to such other qualifications and disabilities as may be prescribed by law. (11) Perform such other duties and functions as may be provided by law. Gravity. SECTION 4. SECTION 24. SECTION 21. President Aquino had taken office a month previously as a result of the 1986 "People Power Revolution" in the Philippines. At no time shall all Members of the Commission belong to the same profession. The State shall provide immediate and adequate care, benefits, and other forms of assistance to war veterans and veterans of military campaigns, their surviving spouses and orphans. (2) The President shall have the power to veto any particular item or items in an appropriation, revenue, or tariff bill, but the veto shall not affect the item or items to which he does not object. • 1898 - the Philippines was ceded by Spain to United States by the Treaty of Paris • Provisional Constitution - By its very nature, the Provisional Constitution self-destruct upon the • The Judiciary - the Royal Audencia, established in 1853 was the Supreme Court of the ratification and effectivity of the new constitution on Feb. 2, 1987. SECTION 1. Section 4. Pensions or gratuities shall not be considered as additional, double, or indirect compensation. SECTION 14. (2) No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will shall be used against him. It shall equally protect the life of … SECTION 3. C. 6 years. The Congress shall provide a system for securing the secrecy and sanctity of the ballot as well as a system for absentee voting by qualified Filipinos abroad. (5) Provide adult citizens, the disabled, and out-of-school youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency, and other skills. No candidate who has lost in any election shall, within one year after such election, be appointed to any office in the Government or any government-owned or controlled corporations or in any of their subsidiaries. This provision also applies to career officers whose resignation, tendered in line with the existing policy, had been accepted. SECTION 7. (2) A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may compel the attendance of absent Members in such manner, and under such penalties, as such House may provide. Where no President and Vice-President shall have been chosen or shall have qualified, or where both shall have died or become permanently disabled, the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall act as President until a President or a Vice-President shall have been chosen and qualified. Appointments extended by an Acting President shall remain effective, unless revoked by the elected President within ninety days from his assumption or reassumption of office. SECTION 12. (3) Every citizen has a right to select a profession or course of study, subject to fair, reasonable, and equitable admission and academic requirements. Section 16, Article II of the 1987 Philippine ConstitutionSection 16. SECTION 2. 1987 Philippine Constitution Monday, December 22, 2008. Each city with a population of at least two hundred fifty thousand, or each province, shall have at least one representative. (2) The Congress shall prescribe the qualifications of judges of lower courts, but no person may be appointed judge thereof unless he is a citizen of the Philippines and a member of the Philippine Bar. Philippine constitution Article 2 section 18 please explain. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.Section 2. No Vice-President shall serve for more than two consecutive terms. (e) All cases in which only an error or question of law is involved. Ali Abdullah Hi There, THE PRESIDENT, THE VICE-PRESIDENT, AND THE CABINET Section 1. (3) Cases or matters heard by a division shall be decided or resolved with the concurrence of a majority of the Members who actually took part in the deliberations on the issues in the case and voted thereon, and in no case, without the concurrence of at least three of such Members. There shall be a Vice-President who shall have the same qualifications and term of office and be elected with and in the same manner as the President. Unless otherwise provided by this Constitution or by law, any decision, order, or ruling of each Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty days from receipt of a copy thereof. SECTION 22. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority being exercised comes from them. The sovereign geopolitical entity called the Philippines is a federal republic. SECTION 2. 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